A reference to a thesis should contain the name of the university and type of thesis, e.g. master’s thesis or dissertation (diss.). If you have used an e-version, add the URL and date of access.

Reference list

Author, Initial. (Year). Thesis title. Type of thesis. Place of publication: University.

Andersson, T. (2008). Leadership and effective management. Master’s thesis. Vaasa: Hanken School of Economics.

Haavisto, C. (2021). Government trust and airline stock returns during Covid-19. Magisteravhandling. Helsinki: Hanken School of Economics. Available from: Accessed 7 May 2021.

Huang, Kun (2919). Implied volatility and option pricing models. Diss. Helsinki: Hanken School of Economics. (Economics and Society, 326). Available from: Accessed 4 July 2019.

In-text reference

… (Andersson 2008).

… (Haavisto 2009, p. 25) …

The consumers… (Huang 2019, p. 50).