When you quote something you copy someone else’s text word-for-word. Short quotes melts into the text while long quotes start on a new row and with an indent. The in-text citation is placed in connection with the quote. A quote in-text citation should always have a page number (if the source is paginated). Tables, figures and pictures from other sources are also quotes and should have a citation. The same rules apply for digital material.

Short quotes

A short quote consists of two sentences at the most, or part of a sentence and is melted into the text. Use quotation marks at the start and the end of the text.

In order to understand the literature you need to know how to “apply theories and abstract concepts to the practical problem assumed in assignments.” (Shone 2018 p.53).

Block quotes (longer quotes)

If the quote consists of a longer text, more than 40 words or three sentences, it is recommended that you use block quotation. Start the quote indented on a new row and use single line spacing. A block quote does not need quotation marks.

Changing or translating a quote

Don’t change the original text when quoting, however you can omit a section of the text inside a quote. The omitted words are replaced by three dots in square brackets […]. If you want to underline or italicize something in the quote, add e.g. [own italics] after the quote.

If you translate a quote from another language, it should be apparent that the quote is a translation, e.g. by adding [own translation] after the quote. The in-text citation is placed in connection with the quote.